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A commodities trader at an oil company is no different than any other trader, but this is a small world where relationships matter. From crude oil, to intermediate feedstocks, to finished products, commercial traders work to balance the lengths and shorts of a refining system. People who choose the path of a trader within an oil company often seek long term stability and less movement.

Operations Management :. As an engineer, there is one typical path for those interested in operations — Operations Management. People on this path typically spend 10 — 15 years within several engineering roles. For those who have chosen the path of operations, they can find themselves in roles of increasing responsibility, including even the possibility of refinery manager. A typical refinery should also have a good balance of technical folks in these positions, as well as people who have worked their way up the ranks in operations.

Safety, Health, and E nvironment. You may have noticed that so far I have no t mentioned career progression in the Safety, Health, and Environmental department. While every oil company stresses Safety, Health, and Environment above all other factors, the irony is that no company really has a good plan for developing SHE talent. Almost to the contrary, individuals find themselves placed in the SHE group often as a result of poor performance in other roles. Makes you wonder about priorities, right? Nonetheless, SHE groups still provide opportunities for engineers to learn about regulatory compliance , government policies, and managing people be haviors.

While I have not specifically covered the different types of management roles that one can assume through the refinery career ladder, just know that they are all available. As refinery and supply chain organizations are complex, it is not uncommon for all management positions to be occupied by engineers.

Most refinery management members do not have MBAs, and most have worked their way up the career ladder. Many employees transition between the various fields of engineering, commercial, and operations, and often possess the ability to explore both technical and managerial opportunities. There are also parallel positions in different countries and continents, so the potential is effectivel y endless. The simple truth is that there are insufficient qua lified engineers in this industry today.

The future of oil and gas: Eight bold tech predictions

That shortage will take a very long time to balance, if ever. Forgot password? Martinez Refinery, California,US. Commerce City, Colorado,US. RL Blogs.

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Improving Refinery Fuel Gas Composition. Condensate and Naphtha Forum Thank you. Less Sep 17, Would you be willing to write or share similar thoughts on how these career paths apply to Mechanical Engineers in the refinery? It seems as though ChemE's have a leg up in the industry and have more career growth opportunity. Any advice on how a ME can overcome that perceived obstacle? Thanks for your time. Thanks for the article Ralph. Less Oct 20, That being said, i have seen numerous companies place MechE's, or any talented engineer, onto a career path with enhanced growth opportunities.

ChemE's possibly have a higher likelihood in excelling in those roles, but it's not uncommon to have other disciplines progress. My best advise is for other engineering disciplines to actively push to enter roles that are stepping stones for refinery career development. CMiller, as you know, the refining industry does tend for favor ChemE's. Less Oct 25, After reading your article, I now have a clear view of what I want after years of working in the industry. I have been working for 5 years now and still not sure of what path to take. I still believe that those fields are related since Refinery operations control the plant via DCS and Control engineers need to have Thank you for this post.

I still believe that those fields are related since Refinery operations control the plant via DCS and Control engineers need to have Less Nov 12, I would suggest that even after 5 years, you still likely will change your career interests down the line. Just keep an open mind to development and learning new things about our dynamic industry. AJ, I am glad to hear that the article provided you with a little more clarity. Less Nov 13, I have some questions however.. I am a field engineer who has worked in oil drilling within the oilfield services industry. Unfortunately I have lost my job due to the industry crisis.

I am now exploring other possibilities and having heard that downstream oil is presumably doing pretty well as a result of low oil prices I though that would be a good place to start. And is it as internationally mobile as working in drilling??

Great Article Ralph, thanks for sharing your knowledge! Less Dec 26, Refinery operations typically work a cadence similar to: 2 days on day shift, 2 days off, 3 days on night shift, 2 days off, 2 days on day shift. It's called swing shifts as you are swinging from day shift to night shift on every other set. Since there are 7 days a week, that's how you get this 3-day shift either on or off every couple of sets.

However, the work is stable in downstream. I would not say that the refining business will necessarily do well with low oil prices. It is a cyclical business, and there are peaks and troughs of profitability. Good luck with your search. Paul, I'm sorry to hear about the change in career resulting from the crude market crash. Less Dec 29, Could you please tell me what knowledge or qualification a fresh chemial Eng. Very helpful article! Less Apr 12, A solid understanding of mass balance, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and distillation are the fundamentals for entry level process engineers.

You likely will start on a unit such as Sulfur Recovery, Amine, Utilities, Crude distillation, or light hydrotreating.

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Brush up on your knowledge of general chemistry as this is applicable to many refinery process units as well. I wish you luck! Sourav, undergraduate chemical engineers are a perfect fit for entry process engineers in a refinery. Most graduate jobs ask for chemical, mechanical or electrical, I've never seen anything which a petro eng grad could apply for although I'd like to go in to downstream instead of upstream.

Distributed ledger technology could also see the advent of peer-to-peer energy trading, as demonstrated by Power Ledger, which allows consumers to buy and sell clean solar energy, disrupting the established norms of energy provision. The prices of oil and gas will be perpetually lower for the foreseeable future as fracking will gradually open up more sources of cheap production, while demand slowly falls with the adoption of more renewables.

Better renewable energy technology and sources will eventually replace the use of oil as a combustible fuel but this will free it and other sources such as coal to be used to produce more sophisticated carbon products, hydrocarbons and polymers making it a feedstock rather than a fuel.

Essentials of Oil and Gas Utilities

Finally, the ability to chemically synthesise oil and gas from more types of natural materials will blur the line between renewable and fossil fuels to the extent where it becomes a forgotten issue. The ability to synthesise these products will mean that even fossil fuels can be readily replaced so the market will drive the source again.

Globally, emerging countries will also want to capitalise on their oil reserves — providing, literally and figuratively, a pipeline of growth for the future. The industry will also become more collaborative. The billions of pounds spent on exploration and building platforms in new oil fields will be shared amongst multiple industry backers. As a whole, the oil and gas industry will become significantly more risk-averse, with companies working on joint ventures in order to avoid another big downturn.

Having project teams sitting around waiting in the wings for a new assignment will no longer exist. The industry will rely more and more on flexible workers to be brought in for specific projects. Technology will be a facilitator in the transformation of organisations. The future of oil and gas is unmanned platforms, with workers transitioning from offshore to onshore office-based roles. From a technology standpoint, the ideal solution would need to seamlessly connect all systems and hardware platforms across the various fields of operation, integrating exploration, drilling and production facilities, and ultimately delivering useful data and video streams to a central location, allowing the operators to make better and quicker decisions.

One of the challenges faced by the oil and gas industry is related to the fact that contractors and assets generally move from one location to another on a daily or weekly basis. Additional challenges are directly linked to environmental conditions such as extreme temperatures and frequent sandstorms. More than rigs need to be decommissioned by and the most straightforward option — simply sinking the rigs — is not feasible.

Oil companies need to come up with environmentally friendly ways of decommissioning rigs or face a potentially huge backlash from increasingly environmentally-conscious consumers. There are always competing interests and trade-offs to be considered with circumstances varying from project to project. For example, the most carbon-neutral option in one instance might be unacceptable from a health and safety HSE perspective in another. Tackling the problem demands that geoscientists and engineers make confident, data-driven decisions, using the most relevant and accurate research available.

مواصفات Essentials of Oil and Gas Utilities: Process Design, Equipment, and Operations

Therefore, in order to manage the huge challenge of decommissioning, companies have to ensure they are providing their engineers with accurate and trusted information platforms, allowing them to be as efficient as possible in their work and make confident decisions. Instead, organisations should view this as an opportunity to improve the functional capabilities of their facility and move to a new software environment, which extends the life of the traditional legacy systems. No one can deny that digital technologies are the future.

Looking ahead, we can expect to see many companies turn to open standards to help them improve operational efficiency and grapple with digital complexity. Organisations within the oil and gas sector are working harmoniously with their peers to create open systems that will ensure digital transformation initiatives can be done at a low cost and with very little disruption.

When there is a safe path to digital for these companies, it will unlock significant cost savings and efficiency for the wider process automation industry. Deep Trekker manufactures remotely operated underwater vehicles ROVs for exploration Deep Trekker manufactures remotely operated underwater vehicles ROVs for exploration of oceans, seas, lakes and rivers. Kane Energy Services are pleased to offer an extensive catalogue of flare stacks, knock-out and liquid seal vessel units to provide customers with a comprehensive flare system solution.

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