Evans Evans, Charles. American Bibliography. Chicago, —; Worcester, — Lewis Lewis, Arthur Ansel. Sabin Sabin, Joseph. Bibliotheca Americana. New York, — Shipton-Mooney Shipton, Clifford K. Worcester, Sonneck Sonneck, Oscar G. Bibliography of Early Secular American Music. Washington, Sonneck-Upton Sonneck, Oscar G. Washington, ; reprinted New York, Thorpe Thorpe, Alice Louise. Evans ; no copy located.
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Songster title page, Contains at least 4 juvenile songs. The only known copy lacks pp. Later editions: 3, 4. Welch 13 Songster title page, . Evans , Welch Contains 9 juvenile songs. Evans , Sonneck pp. Evans states that the book is a 24mo and contains a portrait. Dublin, — , ii , —, , — Miss Frances Ashmore became Mrs. Richard Sparks in the spring of No English or Irish editions of this work are known, but another American edition was supposedly published in New York by William Bailey in Evans No copy of the New York edition has been located.
Evans Contains 19 Masonic songs. Evans , Sonneck-Upton p.
The Eighteenth Century: The Age of Addison and Pope
The only known copy is badly mutilated, lacking all before p. The title page is a reconstruction by Welch based on the title page of 17 and a advertisement for the book in The Wisdom of Crop the Conjuror Evans Contains 68 songs, all juvenile except for 16 by Shakespeare. Later editions: 17, 40, Welch Contains 35 juvenile songs. Later edition: Contains 42 juvenile songs. Spotswood in Philadelphia Evans ; no copies of either edition have been located. A ghost title for 8 q.
Songster frontispiece and title page, Contains 22 juvenile songs. Evans , Sabin , Sonneck-Upton p. Contains 33 juvenile songs. Later editions: 18, Evans , Sabin Contains 47 Masonic songs. The title was in common use in England; see Ault pp. Contains 5 songs. This item was reprinted in in New York in an edition of 50 copies.
Contains 6 juvenile songs. An English imprint containing 24 songs and probably the prototype for a popular Philadelphia series of annuals which began in Contains 33 juvenile songs as ii , q. Perhaps based on a Boston newspaper advertisement which the writer has been unable to find. Contains 35 songs. Russell, and] sold near Liberty-Pole; Containing love songs, merry catches and jovial healths; — The modish dancing master.
Or Brief and plain instructions for dancing country dances. Evans , Sabin , Sonneck p.
Contains songs only indexed. Evans says the item is a 48mo; Welch notes advertisements for a Hall edition in , , , , and Contains 18 songs. The only copy known lacks pp. White brought out a later edition in Contains 5 juvenile songs. Contains songs indexed. Williamson, late of the Haymarket Theatre, Boston, for the friendly and interested part he has taken, in order to render the work of the greatest merit of any extant.
Sabin , Sonneck-Upton p. Contains 15 songs. Evans , Sabin , Sonneck pp. Contains songs with musical notation or reference to musical notation. Harris, and dated Worcester, July 7, ; 1—6: contents; — text;  half title: Part v. Contains 14 Masonic songs. Evans , Sonneck p. Contains songs. Contains 23 Masonic songs, as Contains 26 songs. For a related songster, see Welch ; no copy located.
The only known copy lacks the frontispiece. Contains 8 juvenile songs. The only known copy a reconstruction from two imperfect ones lacks pp. See 7 for a list of editions. Contains 20 juvenile songs. Contains 7 songs. A much altered version of 31, q. Contains 7 Masonic songs. The New York edition referred to was printed in by Jacob S. Mott for Charles Smith Evans Evans , Sonneck-Upton pp. The only known copy is mutilated, lacking portions of pp.
Essentially a new edition of 35, q. Bristol-Evans b , Shipton-Mooney , Welch The CtHi copy lacks pp.
This edition is based on 17; see 7 for a list of other editions. Bristol-Evans b , Shipton-Mooney Contains 94 songs. Bristol-Evans b , Sabin Contains 18 songs, all with musical notation or reference to musical notation. Wiesbaden: Dr. On pp. Ritter, L. Wiley Hitchcock. Silk Hoods, or Scarfes. Salem: Essex Institute, — , he found only one musical instrument, iii , ; it belonged to Nathaniell Rogers of Rowley who died in [actually ]. Salem: Essex Institute, — , for among the many psalmbooks and bells, he could have located three citterns belonging to: Thomas Wells of Ipswich, d.
These are included in Table I. If both parents died intestate the county court of the jurisdiction in which they lived had the power to assign the portions among the children. If the children were all female they usually received equal shares Whitmore, Colonial Laws , p. Boston, , p. At that time all other papers found therein were searched as well. By this means, extant original wills for those individuals who owned instruments were read as well. Still there are instances where the original will has disappeared, but a record of it exists in the ledger books.
In this year, probably for the purpose of indexing the records, the clerks first numbered consecutively the dockets filed in alphabetical order, whereupon beginning with the year the docket numbering system was converted to a chronological one. Boston, — , I, 5. From John D. Cushing at the Massachusetts Historical Society it was learned that the clerks of probate often worked at home. Cushing also stated that in his extensive study of the incidence of fires in New England, — a typescript is on deposit in the library at Sturbridge Village , there was virtually no building left standing by that had not burned at some time.
This fact coupled with high tides and other natural disasters, and the scattered files of the clerks of courts for want of a single location in which to store the records, no doubt accounts in large part for the low percentage of records which have survived. William Matthews Boston, , have been read along with a number of unlisted ones both published and in manuscript.
The less familiar instruments will be described in detail later. Halsey Thomas, 2 vols. Each Puritan congregation chose its own minister, and administered religious, moral, and sometimes civic discipline. In order to exploit the resources of the New World, the Crown gave the Puritan colonists full authority to govern all English subjects living in New England. Further, the Crown permitted the Massachusetts Bay Company to govern itself, and to locate both its headquarters and charter in New England. In his introduction to and compilation of The Laws and Liberties of Massachusetts, —, 3 vols.
Wilmington, Del. These three elements, together with a Deputy Governor, were required to meet quarterly in a general court for the purpose of electing officers, admitting new members, and making necessary rules for the management of the company and the welfare of the people. Recorded in A Memorial History of Boston, ed. Justin Winsor, 4 vols. By the time Massachusetts Bay became a royal colony, the colonists had already established a firm social, political, and economic foothold for themselves. Winsor, Memorial History, I, , See letters to the editor of William and Mary Quarterly , 3rd.
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Whitehill read volumes iv—vii , covering graduates of the classes of through , of Biographical Sketches of Those Who Attended Harvard College Boston, — , continued by Clifford K. Cambridge, C. Sever; Harvard University Press, — In the closett. Boston, , iv , But as Scholes points out the real charge against Morton and his followers was that they sold liquor and lead to the Indians. Perhaps an attempt to pick up the trail in Connecticut records would prove fruitful. Thomas Hutchinson, Sr. Although no journals for Thomas Sr.
See Peter O. In his journals dancing was a subject learned by the youth. One can assume that this interest in dancing and probably music, too did not suddenly spring up in the younger generation. Auchmuty giving oath of his distraction, he had a funerall, and was buryed in y e Church yard on y e 4 day of y e month. In order for Valentine to have been buried in the churchyard, he first would have had to be judged non compos mentis. This would indicate that Bulkeley was familiar with, if he did not possess, the Ainsworth Psalter. Although the librarian could not specifically recall any musical references among them, the writer feels this material is worth perusal.
The surviving copy book is in a late nineteenth- or early twentieth-century hand. Ratcliffe, and N. Thompson, ; facsim. His wife, Abigail, was entitled to the free and full use of the parlor and cellar as well as the whole southerly end of the house. A new door into the yard was to be constructed for her; she was given free use of sundry furniture, although he specified the pots and kettle she was to have; and she was allowed free passage into the hall to use the oven and the said room [in which] to brew and wash.
All this she was entitled to with the condition that she remayne in the state of widdowhood. Soon after his resignation from that post he died. Dunn, ed. Buffalo, N. The writer is indebted to the Rev. Edward T. Dunn, S. A portrait of Browne is said to have been the property of Henry A.
Whitney of Boston in Boston, , I, I: —; vol. II: — may be found at the Massachusetts Historical Society.
The Metrical History of Tom Thumb the Little - James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps - Google книги
Yet another although lesser possibility is that Grainger himself taught dancing in the evenings after regular school hours. If so, this endeavor was a brief one; this is the only hint that Grainger was ever directly involved with dancing. Grainger, a Churchman, who is a private Writing School Master; has about Scholars, and recommends himself by his distinguishing capacity for that business. Resolves to send his Son to him; has told him he will do so. Professes himself of the Church of England. Grainger, Sir Charles Hobby ca.
Grainger ended his private teaching career in when he was chosen to take over the Episcopalian parochial school funded by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Scholes, Puritans and Music, p. For the numerous references Benjamin, Jr. Its known provenance points to a New England origin. Was he a second fife maker? It should also be noted that trumpeters were not required to be proficient in the entire harmonic series of their instruments; because the trumpet was so difficult a player specialized in one portion of the range.
Madam Sarah Knight made mention of a post horn sounded by the post rider she traveled with part way to New York. The Journal of Madam Knight , intro. Malcolm Freiberg [Boston: David R. Godine, ], p. The Rev. Hugh Adams of Dover, N. To the sounding of the horns, he attributed the preservation of his family as well as Capt. Lovewell and the volunteer company during their first two Indian expeditions.
The levet or fanfare to herald the year was no doubt played on January 2nd because the 1st fell on a Sunday. The only extant seventeenth-century drum from New England is that by an unknown maker, which descended to its donor to the Connecticut Historical Society from his ancestor Samuel Porter, who was one of the town drummers of Farmington, Connecticut, in and See below, fig.
It will be noted that the harpsichord belonging to Increase Gatchell d. This instrument was invented in France by Jean Marius who took out a twenty-year patent on it in The instrument, made for traveling, was built in three independent sections hinged together, and folded into a long rectangular box convenient for transporting. Massachusetts Historical Society. This and other custom records are classified as cust 3, volumes 1—8, and begin with the year For the tax on a variety of musical instruments being shipped in and out of England, see: Guy F.
The finest quality strings came from near Rome, however, where the intestines of sheep were the smoothest; hence the fascination with Italian strings which were advertised in newspapers throughout the eighteenth century. New-England Corn ant, May 25, Charles Lincoln Ketchum who operated an antiques shop in Old Saybrook at the time.
Subsequent material from the National Portrait Collection and the Metropolitan Museum provided further illumination. I am also grateful to Emanuel Winternitz of the Metropolitan Museum who confirmed the identification of the dulcimer, and to the many persons whose kindness in offering valuable time during one or more of the investigative steps has been of great assistance.
Hall, John H. Moon, Pinkney Near, William S. Whitley, Artists and Their Friends in England, — , 2 vols. New York: Benjamin Blom, , I, London: Walpole Society, — , iii , in Walpole Society, xxii , Rockwell and Churchill, — , xxviii , 53, This series, containing town records, acts of the selectmen, vital statistics as well as miscellaneous papers, is cited henceforth as BRC.
William M. Clemens Pompton Lakes, N. Low wears a rust-colored coat. The carpet is painted in strong tones of red against a blue field, with a few touches of yellow in the pattern. The design on the dulcimer soundboard is red. Molnar, Songs from the Williamsburg Theatre Charlottesville, , p. Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling Richmond, , p. Wright and Marion Tinling New York, , p.
London: printed for R. Dodsley, , vi , Pickney W. Snelling of Hartford, a descendant of the sitter, had found its way to Connecticut, the last provenance for A Musical Gathering. October 20, ; and later. References to convict servants as musicians occur on July 4, , and later in and References to slaves and musical instruments occur on May 5, ; March 27, ; and later. There is evidence here that he had a number of American sitters in the early eighteenth century, including Jonathan Belcher, Governor of New Jersey, and Samuel Mather, brother of Massachusetts clergyman Cotton Mather.
The first usage of the word as part of the regular rather than the alternate title appears to have been in The Polite Songster London, Although the exact meaning of songster as used in these titles is not quite clear, the word gradually came to refer to the collection itself rather than to the singer of the songs it contains. The swift increase in typographical printing which occurred in the s and s signaled the increasingly important role of professional printers in the field of sacred music.
The bibliography includes roughly issues of sacred music: approximately tunebooks collections of 4 or more pieces and about 50 occasional publications and pamphlets items containing 3 or fewer pieces. More than 30 additional sacred music editions were published during the period, but copies have yet to be located.
Both parts contained monophonic tunes. After in Pennsylvania and Maryland some interaction between English- and German-language sacred music took place, but that issue is peripheral to this paper. Professor Nicholas Temperley of the University of Illinois, who is compiling an index of British psalm tunes to , reported early in that he had yet to find Psalm New in a British source. Volume ii , the first volume to be published, was issued in , followed by vol.
I in Gradually, however, this notion seemed more and more unsatisfactory, since, by appearing in several editions of a popular work, a tune probably achieved wider circulation than in single printings in several less successful works. Since the list was and is an attempt to measure popularity, however roughly, counting the total number of printings seemed preferable. It might be noted in passing that the two methods produce remarkably similar lists. An edition by Richard Crawford of the music in the core repertory is in preparation.
For example, tunes published in the Bay Psalm Book, 9th ed. It might seem, then, that a tune popular early in the century could be included in the core repertory, even though it fell out of favor later on. Conversely, a tune appearing late but enjoying immediate popularity might replace on the core repertory list a tune with less spectacular but more persistent or enduring popularity because of the greater number of tunebooks published toward the end of the period covered here. As it happens, the present list contains one tune of the late-appearing type.
Adeste Fidelis was not published in the United States until ; however, it enjoyed immediate and enormous popularity. There are no examples of the earlier situation, partly because musical reform after the turn of the century created a strong impetus toward reviving the earlier psalm tunes, and every tune on the core repertory list which was introduced between and either maintained consistent popularity through the whole period or regained a place in the repertory during the decade — None achieved more than 42 printings nor less than Andrew Oliver and James Bishop Peabody, 2 vols.
Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Publications , lv, lvi — 1, Chicago, —; Worcester, — , vi , no. Halsey Thomas New York, , p. Foote cites as his source Essex Institute Proceedings , x , The case and the other parts were made by an American builder around Information concerning the Jordan organ, including the letter from Jordan, will be found in the first appendix. Tapley, St. Felt, Annals of Salem Salem, , p. The portrait would seem to be a personage of some importance, however, and were it not for the initials, which might as well refer to those of the painter, the subject could conceivably be William Selby, or George K.
At present this is mere speculation. Day, The Biography of a Church Boston, , p. The pedalboard of this Snetzler organ is illustrated in figure It was dated September 1, ; however, no location was given. It is probable that the will was made in England. Dexter, 3 vols. New York, , I, 57— Otherwise the appearance of the organ is wholly original, and it stands as an excellent example of the type of unpretentious chamber organ found in many musical eighteenth-century homes such as that of Edward Wyer, also of Charlestown, who died in It was probably taken shortly before the church was demolished in This view shows the case as originally built.
Although now painted flat black, there is evidence that the pine case was originally grained in imitation of Santo Domingo mahogany. Franklin Jameson New York: C. Salem: Essex Institute, — , iii , Calkins, Memoir of the Rev. William Adams Boston, , p. Cambridge: Charles Wm. Sever; Harvard University Press; — , iii , Barbara Lambert brought both the Adams and Saltonstall references to my attention. Norton, , p. Barbara Lambert located the Crossman drum and the Willig fife tutor. For more detail on military music, see the Camus monograph in volume I. Drake, , p. Samuel A. Green Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, , p.
By the second edition the newly fashionable treble violin is introduced. In the ninth edition, part ii , there is a piece for trumpet-marine. The fifteenth edition through the eighteenth ca. Boston: William White, — , iv , For a further discussion of this tract by Joy Van Cleef, see vol. I of this book, pp. New York: Burt Franklin, , pp. Cotton Mather Diary of Cotton Mather , —, ed. Worthington C. See also Appendix C. Barbara Lambert provided the information about the Turners, Holyokes, and their relationship to one another.
Gage and Governor Moore could not agree on who should stand first in a country dance. Butterfield, 4 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, , I, Tattershall in Lincolnshire, England, reputedly has the home and grave of Tom Thumb. In the middle 18th century, books began to be published specifically for children some with their authorship attributed to "Tommy Thumb" and, by the middle 19th century, Tom was a fixture of the nursery library. Charlotte Yonge cleansed questionable passages and the tale took on moral overtones. Dinah Mulock however refrained from scrubbing the tale of its vulgarities.
Tom Thumb's story has been adapted to several films including the George Pal musical tom thumb starring Russ Tamblyn. Tiny folkloric characters like Tom are known in cultures around the world. The tale of Tom Thumb is the first recorded English fairy tale. The earliest surviving text is a page booklet printed in London for Thomas Langley in entitled The History of Tom Thumbe, the Little, for his small stature surnamed, King Arthur's Dwarfe: whose Life and adventures containe many strange and wonderfull accidents, published for the delight of merry Time-spenders.
The author is presumed to be Londoner Richard Johnson — ? Tom was already a traditional folk character when the booklet was printed, and it is likely printed materials circulated prior to Johnson's.
The Metrical History of Tom Thumb the Little, As Issued Early in the 18Th Century
In his Discoverie of Witchcraft , Reginald Scot listed Tom among witches, dwarfs, elves, fairies, giants, and other supernatural folk as those used by servant maids to frighten children. Tom was mentioned by James Field in in Coryat's Crudities : "Tom Thumbe is dumbe, until the pudding creepe, in which he was intomb'd, then out doth peepe. Johnson's History may have been in circulation as early as this date because the title page woodblock in the edition shows great wear.
Johnson himself makes it clear in the preface that Tom was long known by "old and young Bachelors and Maids The tale belongs to the swallow cycle. Tom is swallowed by a cow, a giant, a fish, and in some extensions to Johnson's tale, by a miller and a salmon. In this respect, the tale shows little imaginative development.
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Tom is delivered from such predicaments rather crudely, but editors of later dates found ways to make his deliverance more seemly and he rarely passed beyond the mouth. Tom's tale was reprinted countless times in Britain, and was being sold in America as early as The book was reprinted many times, and, about , two more parts were added to the first. The three parts were reprinted many times.
A farcical take on the legend, the play is filled with 18th-century political and literary satire and is intended as a parody of heroic tragedies. Fielding's Tom is cast as a mighty, although tiny, warrior and conqueror of giants, as well as the object of desire for many of the ladies at court. The plot is largely concerned with the various love triangles between the characters, who include the Princess Huncamunca, the giantess Glumdalca, and Queen Dollalolla Arthur's wife in this version.
Matters are complicated when Arthur awards Tom the hand of Huncamunca in marriage which results in Dollalolla and the jealous Grizzle seeking revenge. Eventually, Tom dies when swallowed by a cow, but his ghost returns. At the conclusion, Tom's ghost is killed by Grizzle and most of the cast kill each other in duels or take their own lives in grief. This version includes a happy ending in which Tom is spat back out by the cow and the others are resurrected by Merlin's magic.
This is considered to be a satirical comment on the unlikely and tacked-on nature of many happy endings in literature and drama. In the middle 18th century books began appearing specifically for children, and Tom was cited as the author of titles such as Tommy Thumb's Song Book and Tommy Thumb's Little Story Book c. In Ritson remarked that Tom's popularity was known far and wide: "Every city, town, village, shop, stall, man, woman, and child, in the kingdom, can bear witness to it. Tom's story was originally intended for adults but by the middleth century it was relegated to the nursery. Vulgar episodes were sanitized and moralizing coloured the tale.
In Charlotte Mary Yonge 's adaptation, Tom resists his natural urges to play impish pranks, renounces his ties to Fairyland, and pronounces himself a Christian. As Mordred 's rebellion wears on in the last days of Arthur's reign, Tom refuses to return to Fairyland, preferring to die as an honourable Christian. In , Dinah Maria Craik Mulock refused to cleanse the tale's questionable passages and let the story speak for itself.
Mulock adds material and in her adaptation, Tom has adventures that again involve swallowing by a miller and a salmon , being imprisoned in a mousetrap, angering King Thunston and his queen, and finally dying from the poisonous breath of a spider. Tom's tale has since been adapted to all sorts of children's books with new material added and existing material reworked, but his mischievous nature and his bravery remain undiminished. Richard Johnson's The History of Tom Thumbe of tells that in the days of King Arthur , old Thomas of the Mountain, a plowman and a member of the King's Council, wants nothing more than a son, even if he is no bigger than his thumb.
He sends his wife to consult with Merlin and in three months time she gives birth to the diminutive Tom Thumb. The "Queene of Fayres" and her attendants act as midwives. She provides Tom with an oak leaf hat, a shirt of cobweb, a doublet of thistledown, stockings of apple rind, and shoes of mouse's skin. Tom cheats at games with other boys, and, because of his many tricks, the boys will not associate with him.
Tom retaliates by using magic to hang his mother's pots and glasses from a sunbeam, and, when his fellows try the same, their pots and glasses fall and are broken. Thereafter, Tom stays home under his mother's supervision. At Christmas, she makes puddings, but Tom falls into the batter, and is boiled into one of them. When a tinker comes begging, Tom's mother inadvertently gives him the pudding containing her son. The tinker farts while crossing a stile but Tom calls out about the farting and the frightened tinker drops the pudding.
Tom eats himself free and returns home to tell his mother and father of his adventure. His mother thereafter keeps a closer watch upon him, but one day he accompanies her to the field to milk the cows. He sits under a thistle but a red cow swallows him. The cow is given a laxative and Tom passes from her in a "cowturd".
He is taken home and cleaned. Another day, he accompanies his father for the seed sowing and rides in the horse's ear. Tom is set down in the field to play the scarecrow but a raven carries him away. His parents search for him but are unable to find him. The raven drops Tom at the castle of a giant.